While still keeping the big picture and real-world use cases in view, it describes the three main sub-components of MANO (NFVO, VNFM and VIM) and explains how they are used to construct a Network Service (NS) comprising virtualized as well as physical network functions (VNFs and PNFs) connected with virtual network links (VLs).

This course exists in a shorter version, MANO in an Hour, and a full-length version covering all topics in much more detail.


Working knowledge of computer and telecommunications systems as well as understanding of the ETSI NFV architecture is beneficial.

Note: This course is not delivered with the FoldOut methodology.


  • NFV Architecture
  • ETSI Reference Points
  • Network Services
  • PNFs and VNFs
  • Virtual Links and Connection Points

MANO Functions

  • NFV Orchestrator (NFVO)
  • VNF Manager (VNFM)
  • Virtualized Infrastructure Manager (VIM)
    • Responsibilities
    • Stored Data
  • Reference Points vs Interfaces

The NFV Network Service

  • Virtual Links and Link Ports
  • VNF Forwarding Graphs
  • Example: Voice over 5G

Network Service Instantiation

  • The Role of Descriptors
  • The Role of Deployment Flavours (DF)
  • The Role of Instantiation Levels
  • NS Instantiation Flow
  • VNF Instantiation Flow

On-Boarding Network Services and Functions

  • VNF Packages
  • VNF Onboarding Flow
  • NS Onboarding Flow


  • NS Scaling
  • VNF Scaling
  • Who Decides Scaling
  • Who Performs Scaling

MANO Extended Edition

  • Multiple NFVOs and VIMs
  • WAN Infrastructure Manager (WIM)


Recorded training: $125 Buy now

We offer substantial discounts for group bookings, and we have corporate rates with most of the operators and equipment suppliers in the world.

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